Occupational stress and coping age and gender differences

End of the twentieth century women's participation of work force has increased by significant way compared with men. PilarMatud Show more https: The majority of the participants were white The OSI consists of six subscales which tap six dimension of Stress as follows; 1 Factors intrinsic to the job define sources of stress start from aspects of the job.

However as an overall dimension which factors intrinsic job factor which does not have a significant difference among male and female middle level manager in the work place. There is no significant difference between male and female Teachers in Escape Avoidance. The authors did this in a previous work [ 57 ], using the JDCS model.

Researchers have also found a gender effect in the perception of stress in general. Managerial Role Female middle level managers scored significantly higher on the following items relating to the managerial role: Coping Strategies Table 2: Matthews and Falconerin their study reported that correlations between Neuroticism and task-related worry and distress were mediated by use of emotion-focused coping strategies such as self-criticism.

Variables that had significant differences on the levels of stress, strain, and coping were gender, primary work setting, number of work settings, maximum daily client sessions, and referral source of clients.

Results of Independent t-test on individuals Coping Strategies on job stress between male and female middle level managers Kelaniya Journal of Human Resource Management Volume 2 Number 2 July Gender Differences in Coping Strategies To examine whether gender differences exist in coping strategies Sig.

Generally, Middle level mangers have extensive interactions with others in the organization as they need to deal with many different parties and fulfill the expectations of users, customers, clients, managers and departments.

Stress, Anxiety and Coping Stress is an essential component in human life.

Gender Difference in Occupational Stress

Other hand males scored higher for the "Personality clashes with others "at the office. Middle level managerial positions used as assistant managers, senior executives, engineers and accountants. Items on which significant gender differences occur are reported in Table 2.

With respect to coping strategies, female middle level managers tend social support when they experience stress, while men tend to suppress their emotions and deal with problems in a logical and unemotional manner, and they cope stress with organizing works than females.

However they reported their influencing rate to decision making was higher than male managers to the work Relationships with others Women reported a significantly higher score several items on this subscale of the OSI: Gender Differences in Sources of Stress Analysis of independent t-test were used to test whether gender differences in occupational stress and coping strategies exist.

Generally, Middle level mangers have extensive interactions with others in the organization as they need to deal with many different parties and fulfill the expectations of users, customers, clients, managers and departments.

There was a problem providing the content you requested

Cooper, Women Managers and Stress: For example, researchers find no differences between women and men in terms of the influence of stress factors on perceived role conflicts [ 29 ], personal accomplishment [ 30 ], or self-esteem or well-being [ 31 ].

Items were scored from 1 very definitely is not a source of stress to 6 very definitely is a source of stress. The mean age of respondents is 33 with range from 27 to With women, in contrast, emotional and intellectual aspects qualitative demands are also statistically significant.

Abstract This study aims to analyse whether any differences exist between the genders with respect to the effect of perceived Job Demands, Control and Support JDCS model on how individuals reach high levels of job stress.

A multi-sample analysis involves analysing a model in several samples simultaneously. would differ in the types of occupational stress they experienced and the coping strategies they adopted in dealing with stress. Clearly, if gender differences do exist in occupational stress and coping strategies, there are implica-tions for the design of intervention programmes intended to alleviate the harmful aspects of job stress.

Hence, this literature review contributes to the understanding of occupational stress and coping mechanisms by first reviewing the concept of stress, its causes and consequences, and established models within the literature that attempt to explain the relationships among individuals, environmental characteristics, and stress.

In this study, we examine gender differences in occupational stress, taking into consideration the role of marital status, age and education. Results from a sample of professionals suggest that women experience higher levels of occupational stress than men.

Dollard, Winefield, and De Jong () utilized the model to investigate differences in self-reported levels of job strain and productivity among different occupation groups, contending that occupational stress was due primarily to environmental factors rather than personal characteristics.

Gender Difference in Occupational Stress and Coping Strategies Among Middle Level Managers in Sri Lankan Private Sector Organizations (With Reference to 15 Apparel Related BOI Companies) Reference Adeline Broadbridge, (), Stress and the Female Retail Managers, Women in Management Review, volume 15,NovemberUniversity of Straline.

Although differences in the levels of, sources of, and the ways to cope with stress between male and female police officers are conjectured by a substantial number of scholars and practitioners, there is insufficient empirical evidence to support this conjecture specifically focusing on gender differences in stress (Barnett et al.,Brown and Campbell,Burke and Mikkelsen,He et al.,.

Occupational stress and coping age and gender differences
Rated 3/5 based on 2 review
Gender differences in stress and coping styles - ScienceDirect