Kantianism and act utilitarianism essay

Kant believed in an eye for an eye and hanging murderers. In other words, you should always treat other rational beings persons as having absolute moral worth, or as the ultimate ends of action.

Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism Essay

Thus, for these reasons, the positions of Utilitarianism and Kantianism on euthanasia are inadequate in resolving the issue of euthanasia, and euthanasia still remains as a significant social-ethical problem in our contemporary society.

This can be illustrated in the most common case of euthanasia, where the person who is willing to die suffers from an illness that causes great pain, and will result in his or her demise in the not-so-distant future.

Tan and his family are residing, or you can admit that indeed — they are living with you. But euthanasia, in essence, is murder, and this might lead one to ask whether there can ever be an exception to murder.

On the other hand, Kant postulated his theory, Kantianism that offers ethical guidelines that help people in making ethical decisions. In order to determine the morality of the Hill case from Kant's perspective, it is vital to understand the formulations that accompany the categorical imperative.

Murderers could justify their action by simply killing all of those who opposed them. Bentham defines utility as the property in any object that tends to produce benefit, good, pleasure or happiness or averts the happenings of pain and unhappiness to the party where interest is considered.

The hypothetical imperative, on the contrary, is a conditional command, which "we have reason to follow if it serve s some desire of ours P. It is a command that reason tells us to follow no matter what P.

Mill opined that an ethical decision is one that translated to a measure of happiness and pleasure to people. Tan and his family are living with you because that action does not produce the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people.

By contrast, when you use someone merely as a means only, it is abusive and lacks respect for that person. Imagine a hospital had just received six dying patients who need organ transplants.

Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism

That practical contradiction being if everyone were to kill one another, then there would be no people left in this world, and as a consequence, the very idea of murder would lose its meaning.

A healthy individual, with no family, walks into the hospital for a routine check. These principles are the good will, establishing morality by reasoning alone, categorical imperative, duty rather than inclination, and summary and illustration.

Kant thought that moral laws or principles must have universality to be rational. Upper Saddle River, NJ: In the worst case scenario, would this not leave an opening for cold-blooded murders to kill people without their consent, and make false claims that they did have their consent.

Therefore, the doctor would not be morally justified in killing the patient.

Kantianism and Utilitarianism

Does this mean that because you are not inclined to kill, you are not amoral person because your duty is not pulling you away from your inclinations. This maximizes the greatest happiness and utility for all Americans, and thus this makes the act of stealing tolerable.

One of Kant's lasting contributions to moral philosophy was his emphasis on the notion of respect for persons. Also, if you think about it, his principle makes it acceptable for America to steal hundred million gallons of oil from the Middle East. Tan and his family.

Kantianism and Utilitarianism

Viewed in the definition of Kant, human life deserves dignity and a regard as the end. The practical imperative will therefore be as follows: Leave a Reply You must be logged in to post a comment. Also, if one were to formulate the categorical imperative in terms of treating others including oneself as ends rather than means, euthanasia would violate the categorical imperative, in that the person is treated as a means by killing himself, to reach the end goal of eliminating the pain.

Therefore, we have the duty of being good to all persons. Tan is living with you, they will arrest him and possibly separate him from his family forever. Kantianism and Utilitarianism are two theories that attempt to answer the moral nature of human beings. Immanuel Kant's moral system is based on a belief that reason is the final authority for morality.4/4(1).

Kantianism and Utilitarianism are two theories that attempt to answer the moral nature of human beings.

Kantianism > Utilitarianism

Immanuel Kant's moral system is based on a belief that reason is the final authority for morality.4/4(1). Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism Ethics can be defined as "the conscious reflection on our moral beliefs with the aim of improving, extending or refining those beliefs in some way." (Dodds, Lecture 2) Kantian moral theory and Utilitarianism are two theories that attempt to answer the ethical nature of human beings.

The deliberate act of ending another’s life, given his or her consent, is formally referred to as euthanasia. At present, euthanasia is one of the most controversial social-ethical issues that we face, in that it deals with a sensitive subject matter where there is much uncertainty as to what position one ought to take.

Feb 06,  · bentham, ethics, final paper, kant, kantian, morality, philosophy, Utilitarianism Last semester, I was assigned to write a final paper on Utilitarianism and Kantian Ethics for my Philosophy class.

I had to study and evaluate the work of two philosophers named Jeremy Bentham and Immanuel Kant. Utilitarianism is commonly found in two forms: act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism.

Act utilitarianism essentially states that everyone should perform that act which will bring about the greatest good for everyone affected by the act.

Kantianism and act utilitarianism essay
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