An definition and discussion of wetland

What is a Wetland?

Evidence from a research study by Mazepova et al. The rule implementing FSA 7 C. The reference to "periodic inundation" has been eliminated. The report is significant for several reasons. For the purpose of this classification system, wetland is defined more specifically as land where the water table is at, near or above the land surface long enough each year to promote the formation of hydric soils and to support the growth of hydrophytes, as long as other environmental conditions are favorable.

Circular 39 described 20 types of inland fresh, inland saline, coastal fresh, and coastal saline wetlands.

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Consequently, the ecosystem concept is of definitional importance for wetlands. The reference definition describes the biotic and physicochemical conditions of wetlands with sufficient breadth to encompass all wetlands. The source of this authority was somewhat convoluted, as described below.

Common diagnostic features of wetlands are hydric soils and hydrophytic vegetation. Page 49 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Congress expanded Section by the addition of general permit provisions, exceptions, and provisions for the delegation to the states of Section permitting responsibility.

Wetlands lacking vegetation and hydric soils can be recognized by the presence of surface water at some time during the year and their location within, or adjacent to, vegetated wetlands or aquatic habitats. Much of the following text of this report is devoted to a consideration of the evidence that supports the prevailing and alternative interpretations of regulatory definitions.

Duration of flooding or saturation is not specified, although the classification system contains "water regime modifiers" that describe the duration of flooding in general terms.

Even wetlands that appear dry at times for significant parts of the year -- such as vernal pools-- often provide critical habitat for wildlife adapted to breeding exclusively in these areas. The four authors were wetland scientists from FWS, the U.

Section c provided that EPA could prohibit disposal at a site if the discharge "will have an unacceptable adverse effect on municipal water supplies, shellfish beds, and Page 47 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Many interpreted that term as requiring inundation over a record period of years.

It implies that wetlands cannot exist without hydric soils. The hydrologic portion of the FWS definition is invoked only when the substrate is nonsoil, in which case the wetland must be "flooded or saturated at some time during the growing season of each year.

At the same time, it is clear that omission of wetlands lacking hydric soil renders the FSA definition inadequate for full coverage of wetlands Chapter 6. Unfortunately, legal definitions are usually based as much on facility and pragmatism as they are upon accuracy of meaning.

Several federal agencies with wetland-related missions gave presentations at the workshop: Policymakers are increasingly realizing the central importance of wetlands as wildlife habitat and key providers of valuable ecosystem functions.

For purposes of this classification wetlands must have one or more of the following three attributes: Some plants, however, have successfully adapted to this environment. The minimum essential characteristics of a wetland are recurrent, sustained inundation or saturation at or near the surface and the presence of physical, chemical, and biological features reflective of recurrent, sustained inundation or saturation.

First, it introduced the concepts of hydrophytes and hydric soils, and it was the impetus for the development of official lists of these Chapter 5. The reference definition will provide a framework, outside of regulatory practice, against which current definitions and their interpretations can be compared.

Policy can legitimately dictate exclusion of any class of wetlands, but it should be clear that such exclusions are not based on scientific distinctions related to the characteristic properties of wetlands. A wetland is a distinct ecosystem that is inundated by water, either permanently or seasonally, where oxygen-free processes prevail.

The primary factor that distinguishes wetlands from other land forms or water bodies is the characteristic vegetation of aquatic plants.

Coastal Wetlands

Apr 10,  · definitions and scientific concepts applicable to wetlands delineation, this manual includes detailed discussions of potential data sources, various field. To supplement this definition and to help identify wetlands in the United States, the FWS prepared a list of wetland plants (Reed, ).

In addition, the Soil Conservation Service 1 developed a list of hydric soils (U.S. Soil Conservation Service, ). Beginning late in the nineteenth century, federal and state governments and private organizations started to acquire wetlands as waterfowl sanctuaries, including The National Wildlife Refuge System, which contains extensive wetlands acquired as waterfowl habitat through legislation to protect migratory birds (Bean, ; Fink, ).

wetland. Wetlands are areas that are inundated or saturated by surface or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.

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Wetland definition is - land or areas (such as marshes or swamps) that are covered often intermittently with shallow water or have soil saturated with moisture —usually used in plural.

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